Female entrepreneurship and participation rates in 19th century Chile

  • Bernardita Escobar Andrae Economics Department, Faculty of Economics and Enterprise, Universidad Diego Portales


This article studies female participation rates as entrepreneurs during the 1877- 1908 period using data from the Santiago business license registry, census data and the trademark registry. The evidence reveals that business women in Santiago increased from 3 to 14 percent of the female labor force in the corresponding sectors analyzed during the period. The evidence shows women increasingly as business people: half of the economic sectors analyzed had female entrepreneurs while firms run by women increased from 13 to 20 percent in Santiago, but reached only 5 percent of national firms within the elite.
Keywords Female entrepreneurship, economic history, economic development, Chile in late 19th century
How to Cite
Escobar Andrae, B. (2016). Female entrepreneurship and participation rates in 19th century Chile. Estudios de Economía, 42(2), pp. 67-91. Retrieved from https://estudiosdeeconomia.uchile.cl/index.php/EDE/article/view/38654/42991