Permisos transables frente a la introducción de un combustible limpio: estudio de caso para PM-10 y NOx en Santiago, Chile

  • Raul O'Ryan
  • Rodrigo Bravo

Abstract

Beginning in 1990 a compensation system for PM-10 emissions from point
sources was implemented in Santiago, equivalent to a suboptimal emission permit
system (EPS). The objective of the system was to reduce compliance costs and
to prevent emissions from new sources, forcing them to compensate all emissions
with existing sources. The system basically did not operate until 1997, year in
which natural gas –a clean fuel– was introduced into Santiago. In this context,
this paper examines the following questions: What is the impact of the
introduction of natural gas in the applicability of tradeable permits for PM-10
and NOx? Are they justified or are the efficiency gains so small that direct
regulation is preferable? The efficiency gains associated to an optimal ambient
permit system (APS) are quantified and compared to the simpler EPS. Finally
control cost functions are developed for Santiago for fixed point sources and
presented in detail.
Keywords Natural Resources, Pollution in Air
Compartir
How to Cite
O'Ryan, R., & Bravo, R. (2016). Permisos transables frente a la introducción de un combustible limpio: estudio de caso para PM-10 y NOx en Santiago, Chile. Estudios de Economía, 28(2), pp. 267-291. Retrieved from https://estudiosdeeconomia.uchile.cl/index.php/EDE/article/view/40812/43561
Section
Articles
Published
2016-05-05